A growing number of cars are becoming ‘connected.' And here is a look at what wireless technology means to connected vehicles.
FREMONT, CA: The automotive industry has always been a keen user of wireless technology, which is now reshaping the world of driving. Given that, smart auto manufacturers face the creative challenge of maintaining the reputation of their brand while evolving to offer the latest wireless innovations. Many car makers and technology companies are working on creating self-driving cars integrated with several wireless technology applications. These kinds of vehicles can promote safety, such as automatic emergency braking, lane-keeping assistance, blind-spot monitoring, adaptive cruise control, and cross-traffic alert. Here are some of the significant applications that wireless technology fosters.
• Infotainment System
It has been a few years since the first generation of the car audio system made its appearance in the market. Since then, the car audio system has gone through continuous evolution. Today, people can connect a smartphone and other smart devices to their infotainment systems using wireless technologies like Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. With this, passengers can pair their mobile devices with infotainment systems, and it can also respond to voice commands, manage hands-free mode to answer phone calls while driving, with ease and convenience. Today high definition multimedia players are also common in vehicles.
With these, the car of the future will be more like a smartphone with wheels. They will be digitally operated, autonomous and will entertain people too. Automakers have already unveiled autonomous cars with large infotainment systems and connected screens built into the dashboard. Once cars are autonomous, drivers will become passengers, thereby enabling them to do things they like during their travels. In self-driving vehicles, infotainment data and graphics will not be restricted to small screens but will instead be projected on multiple displays. Overall, future infotainment systems in autonomous cars will be highly intuitive and customizable.
• Road Navigation Using Digital Data
Accurate mapping of vehicles is critical for autonomous driving. Modern wireless communication techniques enable drivers to locate precisely and transmit information with considerably low latency. The collected information can be used for efficient navigation and sharing with other nodes. Modern navigation applications allow users to navigate using location technologies easily. The arrival of the supercharged 5G network and internet of things will offer effective management of smart driving. Everything connected is a modern concept in the automotive industry where vehicles will be connected to almost every physical thing in its surroundings and to the cloud.
• Cellular Connectivity
The connected vehicle concept is using cellular connectivity for information exchange. With vehicle-to-vehicle communication, vehicles can exchange information like the distance between two cars, traffic information, road conditions, and many more. This information can be used to manage and control traffic efficiently during heavy traffic conditions. Vehicle to vehicle communication also provides a line of sight and non-line of sight collision avoidance systems, which help drivers share the information about road and, ultimately, offer improved safety for passengers.
There are vehicle-to-infrastructure communication systems that allow communicating with safety applications and digital signboards to transfer location information, share information regarding traffic conditions, and thereby reduce congestion. Vehicle-to-pedestrian communication systems can detect the presence of people in surroundings and alert drivers and pedestrians through mobile device applications.
• Wireless Charging and Security
Wireless electrical charging of vehicles is a hot top in the automotive industry. Technology pioneers have already developed efficient wireless charging technology for cars. Wireless charging offers convenience for users to efficiently charge their vehicles at wireless charging stations, parking lots, or at home. Wireless charging technology can be improved for better efficiency and easier implementation in the future, and tech leaders are working towards it. Wireless charging pads deliver the ideal solution for hands-free charging for autonomous vehicles. It requires no physical connection to the car. When a vehicle needs to charge, it will park itself over a wireless charging pad and automatically recharge without even plugging in. With no human intervention to recharge batteries, passengers can focus on other concerns, knowing that their cars will be ready when needed.
Security is one of the most significant aspects automobile manufacturers are considering. Keyless access with wireless technology is a convenient functionality of smart vehicles, and automatic alert on theft also is adding to security options of modern cars.
Possibilities of wireless technology are many, and tests are in progress to support connected vehicles. The effective use of wireless technology in the automobile industry will offer a much convenient and safer road trip in the future.