The intricate nexus of the automotive industry revolves around Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP), Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA), Statistical Process Control (SPC) and Product Part Approval Process (PPAP). All these factors are clubbed together to determine the productivity of the Automotive Industry.
Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) involves pre-planning, product design and development, product and process validation, feedback assessment and corrective action. To begin with, APQP outlines the mechanism of the techniques involved in ensuring product quality to interface requirements, specifications, and risks involved to carry out the entire process.
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is an analytical approach to determine the trial and error method to find the glitch that leads to failure. The agenda is to determine the challenges and mitigate them on the nick of time.
Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA) is an experimental approach that determines the estimate or the technique of measurement to be used on a specific part characteristic. If the approved measurement system detects instability in a product and if it is approved, it increases the chances of customer dissatisfaction.
Walter Shewhart developed statistical Process Control (SPC). It is a process that conglomerates statistical data to surmise the mechanism of a system by putting the primary statistical principles of Central Tendency (Mean, Median, and Mode) and Variation (Spread or Standard Deviation) to practice.
Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) sets the paradigm for the procedures carried out in the automotive and aerospace industries. It gives better insight into requirements to manufacturers and suppliers. On behalf of the automotive industry suppliers, the PPAP process is carried out by the PPAP manual published by the Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG). These are the determiners that ensure smooth functioning of the automotive industry that is committed to living up to the standards of today.