The enormous revolution in the communication industry in the form of mobile wireless technology in the past few years have changed the way individuals interact, live, work or stay connected. High-speed mobile wireless is not only changing the way people communicate, but the way information is shared at the desired time and place.
Diverse technology has caused fierce competition among innovators. Developing and manufacturing core wireless communication technologies, network, infrastructure, service providers, mobile applications and devices are the most significant investment for innovators. So, technology standards are based on the Telecommunication industry. Area of network connectivity, communication standards, and protocol, are the focal point of wireless technological standards.
Who sets these Standards?
The Wireless Communication Technology Standards are nothing but a collection of defined norms to examine a product, services or system. These norms are set by International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) along with Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) which represents the collaboration between Organizational Partners (OPs). 3GPP 2 is a telecommunication association to make globally applicable 3G mobile phone system specification standards.
GSM, FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, EDGE, GPRS, SMS, MMS, HSCSD, Bluetooth, and IEEE 802.11 are the most common communication norms. Researchers and practitioners scrutinize these standards for worldwide user interconnectivity across devices at the center of wireless business and consumer appeals.
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Global positioning system for mobile communications or the GSM was the first digital wireless standards. It uses the multiple access processes such as frequency division multiple access (FDMA) and time division multiple access (TDMA) simultaneously. Spectrum efficiency, quality speech services, mobile base plan cost and compatibility to digital networking has improved significantly via GSM.
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) helps send and receive data over the existing global system with data rates higher and the speed faster than GSM. Enhanced data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) is the new and advanced 3G mobile data service and connection technology. EDGE has enabled the anytime and anywhere mobile service assuring a significant change in businesses.
Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Message Service (MMS) are messaging services where the users can transfer text and multimedia messages with each other. High-Speed Circuit Switched Data (HSCSD) is an improvement over GSM data transfer. Standard GSM gets four-times faster with transfer rate up to 57.6 kbps.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE 802.11) is developed originally by IEEE. It is the technical name of Wi-Fi which is an integral part of our daily lives. Bluetooth is a wireless technology used to send and receive data over a shorter distance. IEEE standardized Bluetooth as 802.15, and it increases reliability, reducing costs and enhancing smart buildings.